|Sitting Bull, often erroneously called a chief, was a Sioux Medicine Man of great psychic powers. He was influential over all of the Sioux as a prophet and orator who was able to sway even the white men with his eloquence.
On the way to the encampment at the Little Big Horn, Sitting Bull participated in the Sun Dance. He fell into a trance in which he had a vision of soldiers falling from the sky as a gift from Wakantanka. His vision was fulfilled in the Custer Battle. <p>After the vicoty at Little Big Horn, Sitting Bull led a band of Sioux into the Yellow Stone country to hunt. He was through fighting and wanted to be left alone. Later, after being constantly hounded by the U.S. Army, he fled to Canada. After four hungry years in the “grandmother’s” land Sitting Bull and his followers returned to the United States on July 19, 1881. <p>Sitting Bull was then taken prisoner and confined at Fort Randall and later sent to the Standing Rock Reservation. His home became a haven for orphaned children and again he desired only to be left alone. However, officials believed that Sitting Bull’s popularity with the frequent visits of many Sioux to his home hampered the progress of civilization. When Buffalo Bill Cody requested the Indian Bureau’s permission for Sitting Bull to join his Wild West Show, it was readily given to remove the medicine man and his troublesome influence. <p>On his return to the reservation, Sitting Bull supported the Ghost Dance movement and permitted the dance to be done at his Standing Rock camp. His involvement in the new religion alarmed agency personnel who feared Sitting Bull would lead an uprising. <p>On December 15, 1890, a troop of Indian police, commanded by Lieutenant Bull Head, was sent to arrest Sitting Bull. One of Sitting Bull’s followers, Catch The Bear, protested the arrest, drew a gun and shot BullHead. Bull Head turned and shot Sitting Bull, who was also shot in the head by Red Tomahawk, another policeman. Some say Sitting Bull’s son, CrowFoot, protested the arrest that started the shooting. <p>Sitting Bull was the leader of the “Strong Hearts,” an elite Indian military society. The U.S. Government designated him a chief for the purpose of diplomatic relations. Although Sitting Bull was never really a chief, he was recognized as the leader of the Hunkpapas. <p>Sitting Bull wanted no treaty with the white man and refused to sign one. He was opposed to the white man’s continual encroachment on Indian land and was active during the 1860’s in the Plains Indian Wars. <p>After the Battle of Little Big Horn and the defeat of General Custer, Sitting Bull gained instant renown in the press.
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